FREE
SHIPPING!

on all orders above $300.00

FREE Pills!

VIAGRA PILLS

for free with every order

OUR DRUG PRICES are

70%

Less than in your
local pharmacy

Search by letter:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Enter coupon: (if you have one)

Turresis (Ethambutol)
+ BONUS
 
Ethambutol

Turresis is a primary antitubercular agent, which inhibits the synthesis of metabolites resulting in impairment of cell metabolism, arrest of multiplication, and ultimately cell death. It is active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis but not against fungi, other bacteria, or viruses. It is used in Pulmonary tuberculosis in combination with other tuberculostatic drugs (ritampicin and/or isoniazid). It is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to Turresis, pre-existing optic neuritis, and in children under 13 years of age. It should be used with caution and in reduced dosage in clients with gout and impaired renal function and in pregnant women.

Other names for this medication:
Ethambutol, Myambutol, Combutol, Ecox, Etambutol, Etapiam, Etibi, Macox, Pulna, Rifafour, Rimstar, Tibutol, Turresis,

Similar Products:
Takepron, Largopen, Tadalista, Grinsil, Bactron, Zemyc, Wymox, Klamoxyl, Spirolon, Gabalept, Adapin, Oratil, Levofloxacinum, Helicid, Trimoxsul, Damoxy, Moxilin, Kipferon, Itraconazole, Acyclovir, Simarc, Aroxin, Levocin, Deprinol, Biogel, Macrol, Tamnic, Plagerine, Ogastoro,

turresis 400mg magnesium

While anti-aging medicine developed following the social interest on it in Japan and it was influenced by American Society (A4M). We have studied proinflammatory interleukin (IL) secretion following OK-432 stimulation of total blood, peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) and purified monocytes in vitro.

turresis 400 mg coq10

People aged 50 years and older are regularly identified as the most sedentary group in the population. The polyprotein precursor of the Hepatitis C virus (HCV) contains multiple membrane-spanning domains that define the membrane topology and subsequent maturation of the viral structural proteins. Although millions of colonoscopic procedures are performed annually, an objective method that estimates how much effort was undertaken to insure maximal inspection of the visible parts of the inside of the colon, does not exist.

turresis 400mg magnesium

Exposure was assessed from concentration measurements of the total carbon (i. Depressive symptoms may explain elevated plasma levels of homocysteine in females with eating disorders. Using the information system of the institution, we made the measurements on magnetic resonance imaging scans that had been obtained in the axial plane. High-resolution HLA typing for the DRB3/4/5 genes by sequence-based typing.

turresis 400 mg seroquel

The segmentation of human tissue is challenging as a consequence of the complexity of the tissue structures and inconsistencies in tissue preparation, hence there is a need for a new robust method with the capability to handle the additional challenges materialising from histopathological damage. Temporal bone central giant-cell granuloma presenting as a serous otitis media. Eleven children received a 24-hour preparation at a dose ranging between 400 and 1000 mg per 24 hours. In spite of large similarities between Iceland and Sweden in socio-demographic variables there are substantial differences in mortality rates between the countries.

turresis 400mg to ml

Mobility and adsorption capacity of Pb and Zn in a polluted soil from a road environment: laboratory batch experiments. In the present study, we used immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization to determine the distribution of laminin-5 in ameloblastomas and developing human teeth. The care of terminally ill patients with severe chronic pain should provide treatment that permits these patients to close their lives with dignity and purpose. Utilizing the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (a nationally representative dataset), 147,473 patients who underwent surgery for SUI from 1988 to 2000 were identified by ICD-9 codes. Estimation of loads in the lumbar spine during slow symmetrical lifts and a method for their reduction.

turresis 400 mg equals how many teaspoons

Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of SNOMED CT were investigated. Progressive external ophthalmoplegia and multiple mitochondrial DNA deletions. Treatment not only to prevent or delay transition to psychosis but also to address presenting concerns, such as anxiety, is warranted.

turresis 400 mg magnesium

Two types of different branched starry sclereids was found in M. Factors determining the selectivity of protein tyrosine nitration. Spontaneous bladder rupture diagnosis based on urinary appearance of mesothelial cells: a case report. Equilibrium spherically curved two-dimensional Lennard-Jones systems. The influence of water availability and temperature on shoot growth, the bud composition, the leaf phenology, and the relationship between partial leaf fall and branching were evaluated over 3 years in Cerrado woody species Bauhinia rufa (BR), Leandra lacunosa (LL) and Miconia albicans (MA).

turresis 400 mg equals how many teaspoons

This condition results in a myriad of symptoms that would be expected from an upper airway obstruction including anxiety, hyperventilation, wheezing, stridor, shortness of breath, dyspnea, and suprasternal and neck muscle retraction. Alteration of the foot loading patterns in patients with rheumatoid arthritis can be characterised by changes to the centre of pressure patterns. In this paper, we assess the sensitivity of four-probe STM for in-line resistivity measurements of the bulk ZnO surface. We aimed to investigate the association between temporal features of the onset of neurological symptoms and stroke etiology in children with AIS.

turresis 400 mg equals how many teaspoons

Posterior fossa decompression was performed with a planned second-stage odontoidectomy. A microsurgical periodontal plastic surgical technique for soft tissue esthetics. It is suggested that the increase in phase locking which occurs just prior to movement, coinciding with a reduction in power (or ERD) may result from selection of the neural assembly relevant to the particular movement.

turresis 400 mg seroquel

The potential hazards and cancer risk should be further investigated from the perspective of the occupational health of surgical staff. The goal of this paper is to demonstrate the unique capability of measuring the vector or angular information of propagating acoustic waves using an optical sensor.

ethambutol hcl obat apa sering

  • retrobulbar neuritis ethambutol dose
  • ethambutol liver toxicity rash
  • ethambutol dose medscape drug
  • ethambutol dose maintenance phase
  • rifampicin isoniazid pyrazinamide and ethambutol tablets android
  • tibigon 500 ethambutol hcl action
  • ethambutol clorhidrato 400 mg tableta allview
  • ethambutol eye effects
  • ethambutol paediatric dosage forms
  • ethambutol stock dose
  • ethambutol hcl obat apa sering
  • ethambutol drug resistance in bacteria
  • turresis 400mg to ml
  • ethambutol dose in tuberculosis
  • ethambutol drug category for lithium
  • ethambutol tb drug side
  • ethambutol 400 mg tabletas de arnica
  • ethambutol hydrochloride and isoniazid tablets
  • ethambutol dose per kg
  • ethambutol drug monograph colchicine
  • turresis 400 mg coq10
  • efek samping ethambutol 500 mg
  • use of ethambutol medicine bow
  • ethambutol side effects ophthalmology vs optometry
  • ethambutol drug dose calculator
  • ethambutol dose adjustment liver
  • ethambutol tb drug treatment
  • ethambutol 400 mg pretty
  • ethambutol standard dosage for zoloft
  • ethambutol hcl obat apa acyclovir
  • mecanismo de accion de ethambutol drug
  • ethambutol tablets usp monograph calcium
  • ethambutol hcl solubility in water
  • ethambutol standard dosage for lexapro
  • turresis 400 mg seroquel
  • ethambutol clorhidrato 400 mg tabletalk
  • ethambutol other drugs in same class as coreg
  • ethambutol side effects ophthalmology journal
  • ethambutol dose for mycobacterium avium
  • ethambutol tablets ipads
  • ethambutol side effects vision marvel
  • ethambutol tablets usp monograph 88
  • use of ethambutol medicine cabinets
  • ethambutol drug resistance meaning
  • versapharm ethambutol hydrochloride
  • isoniazid and ethambutol induced psychosis icd-9
  • streptomycin vs ethambutol tb meningitis treatment
  • ethambutol mechanism of action in tbh
  • ethambutol side effects optic neuritis visual field
  • sq109 ethambutol hydrochloride
  • ethambutol drug action of acetaminophen
  • isoniazid rifampin pyrazinamide ethambutol side effects
  • ethambutol dosage forms of fluticasone
  • ethambutol side effects emedicine multiple sclerosis
  • ethambutol hydrochloride solubility of organic compounds
  • ethambutol mecanismo de accion vademecum online
  • ethambutol side effects medscape cardiology
  • rifampin isoniazid pyrazinamide ethambutol side effects
  • ethambutol tablets usps
  • ethambutol hcl 500mg oxycodone
  • ethambutol treatment
  • ethambutol dose in renal impairment serum
  • turresis 400mg magnesium
  • turresis 400 mg magnesium
  • ethambutol reviews
  • turresis 400 mg equals how many teaspoons
  • ethambutol dose for mycobacterium avium disease
  • ethambutol drug target conference
  • ethambutol side effects ophthalmology terms
  • use of ethambutol medicine man
  • ethambutol renal toxicity drugs
  • rifampicin isoniazid ethambutol hydrochloride side
  • ethambutol dosage forms of aspirin
  • pyrazinamide ethambutol side effects
  • ethambutol drug profile viewer
  • tb medication ethambutol

turresis 400 mg coq10

pyogenes in scarlatinoid diseases and suppurtations in man (report of 8 isolations in the corresponding cases) Expression of NRG-4 declined in the uterine luminal epithelium during implantation but persisted in the glandular epithelium through Day 8 of pregnancy. A total of 112 male patients had birefringent sperm selected for ICSI (study group). SOCIO-MEDICAL BACKGROUND FOR WORK IN MATERNAL WELFARE INSTITUTIONS Natural abundance deuterium 2D NMR spectroscopy in polypeptide liquid crystals is used for empirically determining the absolute configuration of small chiral molecules.

turresis 400 mg equals how many teaspoons

Dopamine depolarized LTS cells, a pharmacological effect prevented by D1- but not D2-like DA receptor antagonists. Online communities of practice can be valuable to nurses in specialized fields with limited peer support and access to information resources. Soft tissue emphysema as manifestation of perforating diverticulitis PBMC expression of AGE R3 was decreased in diabetic dbdb mice or with a low AGE diet.

ethambutol other drugs in same class as coreg

Several groups have demonstrated that inhibiting PAF-PAF receptor pathway at the level of a ligand or receptor results in an effective inhibition of experimental tumor growth and metastasis. Cross induced coagulations between human and crustacean clotting factors.

ethambutol drug dose calculator

VA intakes are well above those that are considered adequate for humans, and VA concentrations in commercially prepared standard primate diets exceed National Research Council (NRC) recommendations by as much as four times. Levels of CA-125, CA 19-9 and CA 15-3 in the peritoneal fluid were determined by immunoradiometric assay. Dar es Salaam is a typical example of the rapid urbanization process in sub-Saharan Africa. Subchronic apocynin treatment diminished methamphetamine induced dopamine-release and its locomotor-activating properties.

ethambutol 400 mg tabletas de arnica

Data were collected to evaluate the effectiveness of the LMA and to document any complications attributed to its use. Thymidylate synthase expression seems to be an independent prognostic factor and a possible predictor of tumor recurrence in patients with colorectal cancer. A Report of the Committee on Retail Distribution and Marketing of Foods. Perceived velocity reduction also follows adaptation to a flickering homogeneous field. The best results were obtained using mannitol (364 mOsm/kg), providing 139.7 green plants per 100 plated anthers.

turresis 400 mg coq10

We therefore characterized the expression of p16INK4a, Rb-phosphorylation and proliferation in actinic keratosis, squamous cell carcinoma in situ and invasive squamous cell carcinoma with special reference to infiltrative behavior. A simple flow injection system for potentiometric detection of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity has been developed and adapted for determination of selected inhibitors of this enzyme. We concluded that a low concentration of fluoride can act as a stimulator of type I collagen deposition in the extracellular matrix of dentin, while high concentrations of fluoride have an opposite effect, acting as an inhibitor of type I collagen formation in dentin.

ethambutol dose adjustment liver

Several microtubule-disrupting agents (colchicine, demecolcine, vinblastine, vincristine, podophyllotoxin, and nocodazole) have been shown to inhibit lymphocyte-mediated cytolysis. Quantity of regenerative mucosa of healed gastric ulcer was determined using HE stain, epidermal growth factor (EGF) content in serum and stomach mucosa was detected by RIA and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) protein expression was determined by immunohistochemistry. Our results indicate that physical activity can regulate hippocampal neurogenesis, synaptic plasticity, and learning. Burkholderia ambifaria is an opportunistic respiratory pathogen belonging to the Burkholderia cepacia complex, a collection of species responsible for the rapidly fatal cepacia syndrome in cystic fibrosis patients.

ethambutol tablets ipads

The aim of this paper is to describe the risk factors for invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in southern Queensland. PAR1-AP caused persistent (6h or more) and transient (5min) phosphorylation of ERK and p38 MAPK, respectively, followed by delayed reinforcement at 18h.

ethambutol renal toxicity drugs

A school-based health information Web site holds significant promise for health promotion and early self-identification for emotional problems. The inclusion of ifosfamide in combination therapy, particularly in place of cyclophosphamide in regimens such as cisplatin, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide, needs to be evaluated. Position effect variegation of most Drosophila melanogaster genes, including the white eye pigment gene is recessive. Separation and identification of phytosiderophores and their metal complexes in plants by zwitterionic hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. A patient with suspected malaria was hospitalized successively in 2 hospitals, first in Dakar, Senegal, then in Rennes, France, where tests diagnosed Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.

versapharm ethambutol hydrochloride

Age, sex and (the) race: gender and geriatrics in the ultra-endurance age. Other-hand responses (cross-localization) were less accurate than same-hand responses for all ages tested. Main nodulation signal molecules in the peanut-bradyrhizobia interaction were examined. Although we could not substantiate the existence of the nucleotide changes reported within exon 6 of the FCepsilonRI-beta gene, an amino acid substitution in exon 7 was strongly linked to asthma and atopy.

ethambutol side effects ophthalmology terms

We present a report of a patient with melanosis involving multiple lymph nodes of an axillary dissection, done for metastatic melanoma with an unknown primary, and discuss possible prognostic and treatment factors. Members of the Foxo subfamily have been implicated in the regulation of the cell cycle and/or apoptosis, but their specific immunological contexts remain largely undefined. Collagenous colitis is a disorder that is recognized as a cause of chronic diarrhea.

ethambutol dose adjustment liver

It is unclear what selective advantage cross-feeding strains have over a single competitor that completely degrades the primary resource. However, more research is needed to explore the relationship between subjective memory complaints and quality of life, also with regard to the influence of depression and objective memory performance. The proteinase activity of whole cells caused the degradation of a great number of sarcoplasmic protein bands. Various methods of intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement were used in the study. Among the 42 matched pairs of controls interviewed at 2 years, no important difference in 2-year change in NEI-VFQ scores overall or by subscale was observed.

ethambutol hcl obat apa sering

A rapid and transient peripheral inflammatory response precedes brain inflammation after experimental stroke. Knockdown of frizzled-7 inhibits cell growth and metastasis and promotes chemosensitivity of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells by inhibiting Wnt signaling. Occurrence of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in brown trout bile and liver from Swiss rivers. One recent work has shown that the tilt directions in adjacent surface layers may be nonplanar. Estrogen has diverse effects on inflammation and immune responses.

ethambutol hydrochloride and isoniazid tablets

High rates of chromosomal mosaicism in human IVF embryos question the accuracy of preimplantation genetic diagnosis, and, with the majority of embryo transfers still resulting in no pregnancy, chromosomal mosaicism is likely to be a contributing factor to human IVF failure. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors and the risk of vertebral fracture.

isoniazid rifampin pyrazinamide ethambutol side effects

After treatment, the patients were maintained on their pre-treatment drug regimen. Minimal research has been done on the variations between allopathic and osteopathic family medicine (FM) residency programs.

rifampicin isoniazid ethambutol hydrochloride side

Physicians must be aware of the cultural diversity of their patient population to appropriately address their medical needs. This is the first case series of SCI, secondary to terrorist suicide blast. There is an increasing demand for lung transplantation in patients in advanced respiratory failure.

ethambutol eye effects

Most important risk factors are: number of sexual partners, smoking, contraceptive use, HPV, age at first intercourse, and screening. On day 22, animals were sacrificed and intra-abdominal fat, wet and dry uterine weights measured. The School Wellness Policy Coding Tool was used to assess the strength and comprehensiveness of school district wellness policies from 251 schools attended by participating adolescent mothers. As a result, oxygen isotopic analysis of these samples yields comparatively low temperatures, in contrast to those obtained from Globigerinoides sacculifera. Dynamic and structural signatures of lamellar actomyosin force generation.

ethambutol stock dose

The development of alternate insertion techniques and screw designs was prompted by recognition of potential fixation complications. Biomarkers of apoptosis, protein prenylation, survival, angiogenesis and cellular growth were determined.

turresis 400 mg equals how many teaspoons

Long-term potentiation (LTP) was reliably induced in the deep-to-superficial layer projections by burst stimulations that emulated theta or sharp wave electroencephalogram (EEG),and it was blocked by an N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonist (D-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid) and a calcium channel blocker (nifedipine). Perioperative identification and secure closure of these defects pose significant difficulties. 711 patients with TIA or minor stroke were prospectively recruited from five centres (median duration from index event to recruitment 15 days).

turresis 400 mg seroquel

Comparison of method of conception in fetuses undergoing echocardiography at a tertiary referral center. The proposed technique significantly outperforms the widely used test for frequency threshold, which is a special case of our model realized for the simplest set of parameters. The relationship among three models of personality psychopathology: DSM-III-R personality disorder, TCI scores and DSQ defences. The outcome of patients suffering from uveal melanoma and treated with high-energy protons compares favorably with other techniques of treatment. GABAergic mechanisms constraining the activity of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis.

rifampin isoniazid pyrazinamide ethambutol side effects

PRACTICAL PHILOSOPHY OF LABORATORY EXAMINATIONS: BACTERIURIA OR CONTAMINATION? The siRNAs did not influence the viability of the keloid fibroblasts. The flexibility of the dual-mode Er:YAG laser provides both controlled ablation and hemostasis, making it an ideal laser for the surgical treatment of rhinophyma. A thorough analysis of the pharmacological activities and therapeutic efficacy of the native somatostatin and the synthetic analogs reveals that the biological actions of these peptides are not always identical.

ethambutol drug profile viewer

In our work at the Traumatic Stress Clinic (TSC), the understanding afforded by the concept of complex posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) together with the related notion of a phased treatment model, provides a useful framework for organising our work with this population. Ontogenetic changes in genetic regulation of fetal morphometrics in baboons (Papio hamadryas subspp.). However, the evidence to support early intervention remains weak and criteria to identify the patient phenotype that could best benefit from immediate treatment remain ill-defined.On the contrary, the patients who ultimately undergo surgery following prolonged pharmacological treatment present with larger prostates, older age and comorbidities.

ethambutol dose for mycobacterium avium disease

Synthesis and binding properties of divalent and trivalent clusters of the Lewis a disaccharide moiety to Pseudomonas aeruginosa lectin PA-IIL. Apoptosis was studied by the assessment of annexin binding and propidium iodide uptake, the measurement of cellular DNA content and cell cycle analysis, and by the evaluation of nuclear morphology. Levels of immunoglobulin G at challenge correlated best with protection, but there was little evidence of a recall response.

Testimonials
Best
 Show Hide 
use of ethambutol medicine cabinets 2012-03-21

FTIR microspectroscopic investigation of the age-related changes of subchondral bone of the knee in guinea pig From March 2002 to September 2003, 70 patients lansoprazole 30 mg efeitos colaterais minoxidil were included in the study.

tibigon 500 ethambutol hcl action 2014-05-31

We have hypothesized that high leptin levels at term could represent an important feed-back indicator of nutrient supply. Recently, mutations in the latter enzyme have been shown to be responsible for an terazosin hydrochloride uses X-linked intellectual disability condition known as Snyder-Robinson syndrome. We also tested whether differences in accuracy were dependent on the sampling devices used or on the diagnosis of the vaginal infections. Dose-dependent renal tubular nephrosis, and other effects characteristic of conventional AmB occurred at 1 mg/kg/day or higher.

ethambutol side effects emedicine multiple sclerosis 2015-11-16

The effect of landmarks and bone motion on posture-related changes in carpal tunnel volume. These findings lead to investigation of mechanisms which crema allo spironolactone per acne scar are responsible for maladaptation of several organ systems. These results suggest that the avian hippocampus plays a crucial role in acquisition of spatial discrimination. The Russian wheat aphid, Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko) (Homoptera: Aphididae), has been a major economic pest of small grains in the western United States since its introduction in 1986. Cyclosporin A therapy for interstitial pneumonitis associated with rheumatic disease.

ethambutol dose for mycobacterium avium 2011-02-18

A ball-milling treatment can be employed to exfoliate graphite through interactions with commercially available melamine under solid conditions. Additionally, the maximum coverage of the positive latex was determined harnal tamsulosin hydrochloride 400 via AFM where the kinetics of the residual amidine latex deposition on mica was measured. Does statin use decrease the amount of Alzheimer disease pathology in the brain? Specific COX-2 inhibitor, meloxicam, suppresses proliferation and induces apoptosis in human HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells.

ethambutol standard dosage for zoloft 2011-08-16

With nearly 200 species spread throughout the U.S., Mexico, and Central America, agaves have evolved traits, including crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM), that allow them aerius 5 mg desloratadine 5 to survive extreme heat and drought. Only one liver lesion, located in segment IV, showed interval increase in size. Our findings do not support the use of flanged cups as the sole means of cement pressurization in the acetabulum.

streptomycin vs ethambutol tb meningitis treatment 2016-10-22

Education should be emphasized, because preventive home visitor competence may be the most important element of proactive assessment schemes to obtain beneficial outcomes. Significant covariations between the number of movements and CBF in sensory regions were alexin 95 ps precious metal prices found, thus indicating the presence of functional connectivity between motor and sensory regions.

ethambutol dose maintenance phase 2010-08-15

Toxicity of three insecticides in a standard algal growth inhibition test with Scenedesmus subspicatus. Presence of a distracter gabateva 400 mg ne dirajte mi ravnicu stream was linked to stronger pre-target power reduction and increased coherence, which were both modulated by distracter stream characteristics.

ethambutol standard dosage for zoloft 2011-07-07

Bilateral partial rabeloc injection mold laminectomy: a treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis and midline disc herniation. Our results also indicate that the effects of fluoxetine and paroxetine on glucose utilization, lactate release, and expression of BDNF, VEGF, and VGF are not mediated by serotonin-dependent mechanisms. Phenotypic and molecular analysis of six human cell lines derived from patients with plasma cell dyscrasia. Assuming restricted diffusion in nonpermeable cylinders, intra-axonal mean diameters of 6.0, 7.4 and 9.0 microm were obtained for nerves taken from three different rats.

ethambutol paediatric dosage forms 2019-11-26

In addition, the 5 and 10-year cancer specific and actuarial survival rates were not significantly different. Heating treatment and competitive PCR-ELISA for the detection of parvovirus B19 DNA were benestan generico do viagra applied to the testing of 347 serum samples, which were submitted to the laboratory for B19 investigation. No direct effects of celecoxib on healthy normal cartilage were found. Portacaval anastomosis and hyperammonemia does not impair the lower limit of CBF autoregulation. Other factors take into account losses by reflection, absorption and by various irreversible processes of the photochemical pathways.

ethambutol dosage forms of aspirin 2017-03-08

Squirrel monkeys were studied under fixed-interval schedules of reinforcement in which the first response (lever press) after a fixed period time resulted either in the delivery of a food pellet or in the termination of stimuli associated letus elite vs extreme with impending electric shock delivery. Synergistic effect of intravenous novocain and sodium thiosulfate in the treatment of certain disreactive states (hyperergic)

ethambutol clorhidrato 400 mg tableta allview 2018-04-09

Except the epithelial injury in retinotic acid treatment group was milder than in dexamethasone treatment clopidogrel mechanism of action on platelets images group, the remaining lesions showed no significant difference between them. This correlates with a cell-cell adhesion-induced increase in expression of GnT-III (stops N-glycan branching) and a decrease in expression of GnTs IVC and V (promote N-glycan branching) as detected by real-time quantitative PCR. Participants may benefit from reading and studying the material or from testing their knowledge by answering the questions.